What is a chess board?
Chess is a game played between two opponents on opposite sides of a board containing 64 squares of alternating colors. Each player has 16 pieces: 1 king, 1 queen, 2 rooks, 2 bishops, 2 knights, and 8 pawns. The goal of the game is to checkmate the other king, which happens when the king is in a position to be captured (in check) and cannot escape from capture. 
Table of Contents
Tournament chess boards are made up of an 8×8 grid with 64 alternating colored squares, 32 light squares, and 32 dark. The size of each individual square is identical, and the board should measure the same on all 4 sides. 
Chess Board Set Up with Names
The first step to setting up a chessboard is to make sure that the board is facing in the right direction. To do this, make sure that the right-most square in the first row facing you is light-colored. Next, place the Queen on the center-most square that matches her own color and the King on the remaining center-most square at her side. Finally,  completes the second row by positioning the Pawns in front of the first row pieces. Once you have completed this step, your chess board is successfully set up and you are ready to play! 
chess board setup with names
Setting up a chessboard is a fundamental step to begin a game of chess. Here’s a simple guide on how to set up a chessboard:
- Board Orientation: Place the board so that each player has a white square on their right-hand side.
- Chess Pieces: Arrange the pieces as follows:
- Rooks: Place them in each corner.
- Knights: Position them next to the rooks.
- Bishops: Place them next to the knights.
- Queens: Place the queen on the remaining square of her color (white queen on a white square, black queen on a black square).
- Kings: Finally, place the kings next to the queens.
- The row of Pawns: Fill the entire second row with pawns.
Remember that both players should have the same arrangement with their queens facing each other.
In Other Words Chess Board Set Up
Chess is played on an 8×8 square board with pieces that have distinct names and movements. Here’s a setup of the chessboard with the names of the pieces:
- Rook (x2): Placed in the corners, these pieces move vertically or horizontally.
- Knight (x2): Next to the rooks, knights move in an L-shape.
- Bishop (x2): Beside the knights, bishops move diagonally.
- Queen (x1): Positioned in the remaining square of her color, the queen can move in any direction.
- King (x1): Placed beside the queen, the king can move one square in any direction.
Each side also has 8 pawns, which are placed in a row in front of the other pieces. Pawns move forward one square but capture diagonally.
Chess board rules
Chess is a two-player abstract strategy board game played on a chessboard.  The USCF, the governing body for chess in the United States, has specific “Equipment Standards” outlined in their rules, which specify a King that measures 3 3/8″ to 4 1/2″ with a base diameter of 40-50% of the height.  The FIDE Laws of Chess define the rules for standard chess, rapid chess, blitz chess, and guidelines for Chess960. 
Chess board rules in detail
Chess is a strategic board game played by two players. Here are the basic rules:
- Board Setup: The game is played on an 8×8 grid. Each player starts with 16 pieces, including one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns.
- Objective: The primary goal is to checkmate your opponent’s king, which means putting their king in a position where it is under attack and cannot move out of capture.
- Piece Movements:
- Kings can move one square in any direction.
- Queens can move diagonally, horizontally, or vertically across the board.
- Rooks move horizontally or vertically.
- Knights move in an L-shape: two squares in one direction, then one square at a right angle.
- Bishops move diagonally.
- Pawns move forward one square but capture diagonally. On their first move, pawns can advance two squares.
- Special Moves:
- Castling allows the king and one of the rooks to move simultaneously under certain conditions.
- En passant is a pawn capture that can occur when a pawn moves two squares forward from its starting position.
- Promotion occurs when a pawn reaches the opponent’s back rank, allowing it to be replaced with a queen, rook, bishop, or knight.
- Check and Checkmate:
- When a king is under attack, it’s in check. The player must move the king out of check, block the check, or capture the attacking piece.
- Checkmate ends the game, where the king is in check and no legal moves can be made to escape.
- Stalemate and Draw:
- Stalemate occurs when a player has no legal moves left but is not in check. The game ends in a draw.
- Other draw scenarios include insufficient material to checkmate, the fifty-move rule (50 moves without a capture or pawn move), and the threefold repetition rule.
- Rules of Touch and Move: If you touch a piece, you must move it if a legal move exists. If you touch an opponent’s piece, you must capture it if possible.
Remember that chess is a complex game that rewards practice and strategy. Enjoy your game!
Chess board setup king and queen
The white queen is placed on the square d1, while the black queen starts on the opposite side of the board on d8.  Both queens occupy the center square on the back row which fits their color: white queen – light square; black queen – dark square. The kings always occupy the remaining center square of the back row, directly next to their queens. 
When setting up a chessboard, the standard placement of the king and queen is as follows:
- The queen is placed in her own color. For the white player, the queen goes to the white square, while for the black player, the queen goes to the black square.
- The king is placed next to the queen, also in his own color. So, for the white player, the king stands next to his queen on the white square, and for the black player, the king stands next to his queen on the black square.
It’s important to ensure that the queens are facing each other, with one square of separation.
A chess board is made up of eight rows and eight columns for a total of 64 squares of alternating colors. In the initial position setup, the light queen is positioned on a light square and the dark queen is situated on a dark square.  Once you are familiar with the chess board set up, you can randomly pick up any chess pieces and position it on its proper square. 
How is a chess board set up?
The first step to setting up a chess board is to correctly position the Queens. Position the Light Queen on the center-most light square and the Dark Queen directly across from her on the center-most dark square, as shown in the figure below. It is important that the Queens are facing each other and are on a colored square that corresponds with the color of the game pieces (i.e. the Light Queen goes on a light square and the Dark Queen goes on a dark square).
The second row (or rank) is filled with Pawns. The Rooks go in the corners, followed by the Knights, followed by the Bishops, and finally the Queen, who always goes on her own matching color (White Queen on White, Black Queen on Black),  and the King on the remaining square. 
What are basic chess board rules?
The basic chess board rules are set by FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), the international governing body for chess. These rules govern the equipment used, time control, conduct and ethics of players, accommodations for physically challenged players, recording of moves using chess notation, and procedures for resolving irregularities that can occur during a game. Additionally, there are variations of the rules for fast chess, correspondence chess, online chess,  and Chess960.